AFFAIRE BAKASSI PDF

territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.

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The government took no action, and handed the final parts of Bakassi over to Cameroon on 14 August as planned, but a Federal High Court had stated this should be delayed until all accommodations for resettled Bakassians had been settled; the government did not seem to plan to heed this court order, [14] and set the necessary mechanisms into motion to override it. At least eight multinational oil companies have participated in the exploration of the peninsula and its offshore waters.

The Nigerian government did not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the interest and welfare of our people.

However, Nigeria never ratified the agreement, while Cameroon regarded it as being in force.

Nigeria relied largely on Anglo-German correspondence dating from as well as treaties between the colonial powers and the indigenous rulers in the area, particularly the Treaty of Protection.

Cameroon was thus given a substantial Nigerian population and was required to protect their rights, infrastructure and welfare. Bakassi is a peninsula on the Gulf of Xffaire.

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The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty. Retrieved 18 January The territory subsequently became de facto part of Nigeriaalthough the border was never permanently delineated. More armed clashes broke out in the early s. This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe.

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The case was extremely complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years. This enabled the British Empire to exercise control over the entire territory around Calabar, including Bakassi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The ICJ delivered its judgment on 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi did indeed rest with Cameroon. The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered.

Bakassi – Wikipedia

It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east. Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, leading to considerable tension between the two countries. Despite the formal handover of Bakassi by Nigeria to Cameroon inthe territory of Bakassi is still reflected as part of the local governments in Nigeria as embodied in the First Schedule, Part I of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, The momentum achieved must be sustained.

Archived from the original on 13 August Retrieved 5 November It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian officials and the Nigerian media alike. Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, troops, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover of the northern part of the peninsula. It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality.

Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 5 November — via news. What it is and how it Works. Retrieved from ” https: On 22 Novemberthe Nigerian Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal. However, documents released by the Cameroonians, in parity with that of the British and Germans, clearly places Bakassi under Cameroonian Territory as a consequence of colonial era Anglo-German agreements.

These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, avfaire a wide variety of other marine life forms.

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This secession was announced on 9 Julyas the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The line was avfaire through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi.

Fishermen displaced from Bakassi were first settled in a landlocked area called New Bakassi, which they claimed was already inhabited and not suitable for fishermen like them but only for farmers. Obasanjo agreed to withdraw Nigerian troops within bakazsi days and to leave the territory completely in Cameroonian control within the next two years. The verdict caused consternation in Nigeria. Rosenne’s the World Court: The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationsbakasai charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling.

However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria. In the two countries went to the brink of war over Bakassi and another area around Lake Chadat the other end of the two countries’ common border. The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian went further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international afffaire against Nigerian territorial integrity and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”.

By using this site, ba,assi agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Retrieved 31 March Cameroon pointed to the Anglo-German treaty ofwhich defined sphere of control in the region, as well as two agreements signed in the s between Cameroon and Nigeria. The decision was reportedly made at a meeting on 2 July and The Vanguard newspaper of Nigeria reported the bakass to secede. This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat